function [merged unused] = propval(propvals, defaults, varargin)

% Create a structure combining property-value pairs with default values. % % [MERGED UNUSED] = PROPVAL(PROPVALS, DEFAULTS, …) % % Given a cell array or structure of property-value pairs % (i.e. from VARARGIN or a structure of parameters), PROPVAL will % merge the user specified values with those specified in the % DEFAULTS structure and return the result in the structure % MERGED. Any user specified values that were not listed in % DEFAULTS are output as property-value arguments in the cell array % UNUSED. STRICT is disabled in this mode. % % ALTERNATIVE USAGE: % % [ ARGS ] = PROPVAL(PROPVALS, DEFAULTS, …) % % In this case, propval will assume that no user specified % properties are meant to be “picked up” and STRICT mode will be enforced. % % ARGUMENTS: % % PROPVALS - Either a cell array of property-value pairs % (i.e. {‘Property’, Value, …}) or a structure of equivalent form % (i.e. struct.Property = Value), to be merged with the values in % DEFAULTS. % % DEFAULTS - A structure where field names correspond to the % default value for any properties in PROPVALS. % % OPTIONAL ARGUMENTS: % % STRICT (default = true) - Use strict guidelines when processing % the property value pairs. This will warn the user if an empty % DEFAULTS structure is passed in or if there are properties in % PROPVALS for which no default was provided. % % EXAMPLES: % % Simple function with two optional numerical parameters: % % function [result] = myfunc(data, varargin) % % defaults.X = 5; % defaults.Y = 10; % % args = propvals(varargin, defaults) % % data = data * Y / X; % % >> myfunc(data) % This will run myfunc with X=5, Y=10 on the variable ‘data’. % % >> myfunc(data, ‘X’, 0) % This will run myfunc with X=0, Y=10 (thus giving a % divide-by-zero error) % % >> myfunc(data, ‘foo’, ‘bar’) will run myfunc with X=5, Y=10, and % PROPVAL will give a warning that ‘foo’ has no default value, % since STRICT is true by default. %

% ====================================================================== % % This is part of the Princeton MVPA toolbox, released under the % GPL. See http://www.csbmb.princeton.edu/mvpa for more % information. % % The Princeton MVPA toolbox is available free and % unsupported to those who might find it useful. We do not % take any responsibility whatsoever for any problems that % you have related to the use of the MVPA toolbox. % % ======================================================================

% Backwards compatibility pvdef.ignore_missing_default = false; pvdef.ignore_empty_defaults = false;

% check for the number of outputs if nargout == 2 pvdef.strict = false; else pvdef.strict = true; end

pvargs = pvdef;

% Recursively process the propval optional arguments (possible % because we only recurse if optional parameters are given) if ~isempty(varargin) pvargs = propval(varargin, pvdef); end

% NOTE: Backwards compatibility with previous version of propval if pvargs.ignore_missing_default | pvargs.ignore_empty_defaults pvargs.strict = false; end

% check for a single cell argument; assume propvals is that argument if iscell(propvals) && numel(propvals) == 1 propvals = propvals{1}; end

% check for valid inputs if ~iscell(propvals) & ~isstruct(propvals) error(‘Property-value pairs must be a cell array or a structure.’); end

if ~isstruct(defaults) & ~isempty(defaults) error(‘Defaults struct must be a structure.’); end

% check for empty defaults structure if isempty(defaults) if pvargs.strict & ~pvargs.ignore_missing_default error(‘Empty defaults structure passed to propval.’); end defaults = struct(); end

defaultnames = fieldnames(defaults); defaultvalues = struct2cell(defaults);

% prepare the defaults structure, but also prepare casechecking % structure with all case stripped defaults = struct(); casecheck = struct();

for i = 1:numel(defaultnames) defaults.(defaultnames{i}) = defaultvalues{i}; casecheck.(lower(defaultnames{i})) = defaultvalues{i}; end

% merged starts with the default values merged = defaults; unused = {}; used = struct();

properties = []; values = [];

% To extract property value pairs, we use different methods % depending on how they were passed in if isstruct(propvals)
properties = fieldnames(propvals); values = struct2cell(propvals); else properties = { propvals{1:2:end} }; values = { propvals{2:2:end} }; end

if numel(properties) ~= numel(values) error(sprintf(‘Found %g properties but only %g values.’, numel(properties), … numel(values))); end

% merge new properties with defaults for i = 1:numel(properties)

if ~ischar(properties{i}) error(sprintf(‘Property %g is not a string.’, i)); end

% convert property names to lower case properties{i} = properties{i};

% check for multiple usage if isfield(used, properties{i}) error(sprintf(‘Property %s is defined more than once.\n’, … properties{i})); end

% Check for case errors if isfield(casecheck, lower(properties{i})) & … ~isfield(merged, properties{i}) error([‘Property ”%s” is equal to a default property except ‘ … ‘for case.’], properties{i}); end

% Merge with defaults
if isfield(merged, properties{i}) merged.(properties{i}) = values{i}; else % add to unused property value pairs unused{end+1} = properties{i}; unused{end+1} = values{i};

% add to defaults, just in case, if the user isn't picking up "unused"
if (nargout == 1 & ~pvargs.strict)
  merged.(properties{i}) = values{i};
end

if pvargs.strict
  warning(sprintf('Property ''%s'' has no default value.', properties{i}));
end

end

% mark as used used.(properties{i}) = true; end



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